0 AFRICAN CULTURE: BOTSWANA CULTURE

 BOTSWANA CULTURE 
Since culture is a broad and diverse subject, I am going share with you only those parts of Botswana culture that I feel you need to know and understand.
These include:
Etiquette
People and tribes
Food
Lifestyle
Etiquette - A concept called "Botho" in Botswana
Botho is Botswana's fifth National Principle and it defines a process of earning respect by first giving it, and to gain empowerment by empowering others.
Botho includes positive attributes expected of a human being such as respect, good manners, compassion, helpfulness, politeness and humility.

This principle plays an important role in the way Batswana interact in society.
Below are a few examples of Botho that will be highly appreciated by the locals ...
Taking your hat or cap off when speaking to an elder - sign of respect
When an elder is in need of seat and none are vacant, it is botho to offer the elder your seat...
When entering a house or any building (especially government buildings) taking your hat or cap off (men) is a sign of Botho..
Greeting before beginning a conversation or asking for something/help is a sign of politeness.

HERE IS HOW TO GREET IN SETSWANA

Hello is " Dumelang "
Hello Sir is " Dumelang Rra "
Hello Gentlemen is " Dumelang Borra "
Hello Madam is "Dumelang Mma "
Hello Ladies is " Dumelang Bomma "
You can think of the above as "ice breakers" in any conversation whether you intend to converse in either English or Setswana.

BOTSWANA PEOPLE
However, overall cultures are very similar from tribe to tribe. This is because even though we may be from different tribes, we still consider ourselves Batswana and the Botswana culture is what has molded our own individual tribal cultures...
LANGUAGE
Setswana is the most spoken native language. However almost every tribe has its own language that is sometimes very similar to Setswana.
English is spoken and understood by many people the majority of them living in the urban settlements.
BOTSWANA FOOD
The food in Botswana is very diverse. From fast food restaurants to ones that specialize in Italian, Indian and local cuisine...we have them all.
Among the locals, home cooked traditional food seems to be the favorite.
Step into any Botswana home and i bet that they will be having our old time favorite dish of "bogobe, nama and morogo" at least twice a week!
The bogobe is made from sorghum or maize, nama is meat (could be goat, cow, lamb or wild animal meat) and morogo is a green leafy veggie that looks like spinach...
Now this dish and others have been served for centuries in Botswana and are still being served today as they were by our ancestors.


A CUP OF DRY MOPHANE WORMS
Lifestyle
A typical Botswana family has 3 homes and lifestyles.

This is where they work, kids go to school and where the families spend most of their time.
2. The second is the Home village, referred to as "ko Gae" in Setswana.
Usually this is where they were raised or where their parents or grandparents were born and raised...
Activities at the home village include rearing of goats and subsistence farming where crops like maize,sweet reed and sorghum are grown as well as ground nuts ,sweet potato, water melon and others.
The crops are grown in the rainy season when water is abundant enough to support the farming.
Most Batswana visit the home village over the Christmas holidays. This is usually the time when people are off work for a few days and families get together...
3. The Cattle post (Known as Moraka in setswana)
This is where cattle and sometimes goats and sheep are reared. Almost every family in Botswana has a cattle post.
This is because cattle are not only a symbol of wealth , but also a source of livelihood for Batswana.
They are the main source of meat during celebrations as well as funerals...and are usually sold to the Botswana Meat Commission (BMC) to source money
Activities at the cattle post usually include hunting, cattle branding and vaccinating. People,(often men and boys) visit the cattle post on weekends and public holidays...
For locals the cattle post is the main getaway place for fresh air away from all the busy and fast life in town.

BOTSWANA CULTURE ACTIVITIES

Traditional Dancing
Story Telling
Local Village Visits
Guided Bushman hunting tours and...
Bushman food gathering excursions
There are some attractions that exhibit ancient Botswana culture that are worth visiting.
Some of these date as far back as 650 AD
Among them are ;
Tsodilo Hills
Domboshaba Ruins
Tswapong Hills
Motloutse Ruins
Gcwihaba Caverns
Matsieng footprints
Kubu Island

this post was original written by Zina Mathambo

Published By:
Charbens Benedict
on 8:33 AM

0 SANGO: The God of Thunder All You Need To Know

In Yorùbá religion, Sàngó is one of the most popular “Orisha”. He was a strong ruler and a notable magician. Sango was the third king of the Oyo Kingdom. He succeeded Ajaka, son of Oranmiyan who appears to have been a weak ruler. His symbol is a double-headed axe, which represents swift and balanced justice. He is the owner of Bata ( double-headed drums), as well as the Arts of Music, Dance and Entertainment in the Yoruba Culture. In the Lukumí (Olokun mi which means “my dear one”) religion of the Caribbean, Sango is considered the center point of the religion as he represents the Oyo people of West Africa.

Sango had three wives; Oshun, (a river goddess) was his favorite because of her excellent cooking, Oba (another river goddess) offered Sango her ear to eat. He scorned her and she became
the Oba River, which merges with the Oshun River to form dangerous rapids. Lastly, Oya (Sango’s third wife) was a crafty woman who stole the secret of Sango’s powerful magic.


Oba was Sango’s first and legitimate wife, Oshun; his second wife, and Oya; his third wife, whom he made his queen. Oshun played a trick on Oba, out of jealousy. She deceived Oba that if she can cut a piece of her ear and offer it to Sango as part of his meal, he would love her the more. Oba, excited by this information, ran home to prepare Shango’s “amala”, his favorite meal. She sliced off her ear and stirred it into Sango’s food. While Sango was eating, he saw the ear in the food and was infuriated thinking that Oba was trying to poison him. Sango drove her from his house and Oba ran out crying. She fell to the ground and turned into a river which is still being worshipped till date. She became the patron of matrimony (as “Orisha”) and it is believed that she destroys marriages that abuse either partner.

Historically, Sango brought prosperity to the Oyo Empire during his reign. He is associated with the sacred animal, the ram, and the colors of red and white. Sango is venerated in Haiti, as a god of thunder and weather; in Brazil, he is known as Xangô; in Umbanda, as the very powerful loa Nago Shango; in Trinidad as Shango god of Thunder, drumming and dance ; and in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Venezuela – the Santeria equivalent of St. Barbara, he is known as Changó.

Sango displayed his magical powers by directing lightning unto his own household killing his wives and children. He got angry and entered the ground in Ira by himself after the incidence; he was deified as the god of thunder and lightning. Sango as purpoted did not hang himself. Sango’s followers went to another village to acquire magical powers and returned furiously to destroy the enemies of Sango in old Oyo.

Published By:
Charbens Benedict
on 11:21 AM

0 African Dish: Ikosia meal Eaten by Ghanaians

You must have eaten eggs prepared in various ways but this Ghana egg meal is a unique way to have an unforgettable taste of egg.
Ikosia(EGG)

Ikosia is an Egg meal eaten by Ghanaians. 


Inkosia called egg in Ghana is a proteinous meal eaten by Ghanaians. The Inkosia meal is eaten with pepper and a mixture of other ingredients which is added at the middle of the egg to add better taste and improved nutritional value of the meal.

Submitted by Karena Youdiowei.

Published By:
Charbens Benedict
on 4:53 AM

0 My African Image of Today

Africa is a home for all and this images proves it.


Published By:
Charbens Benedict
on 12:11 PM

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